Tensions between the United States and China over the Chinese islands
First of all, let us try to find out what is the case with the South China Sea and the islands there. Because this is the region that is currently the cause of the conflict between the United States and China, which could push us into a major world war at any time. It is a war for political supremacy, the biggest cake in the world’s economic growth, and a seizure of natural resources. As far as the South China Sea is concerned, it is one of the busiest waterways in the world.
What is the Conflict Between US and China:
China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, and Vietnam are all interconnected territorial disputes. This issue has been unresolved for decades, but now China in Asia. The United States is a flashpoint in the warmth of relations. China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Brunei have their own claim to the territorial waters, partially or completely, in different connected periods, based on different references to history and geography.
The geographical location of the countries bordering the South China Sea is as follows:
- People’s Republic of China
China claims more than 80% of the South China Sea. Vietnam, on the other hand, claims sovereignty over the Parcel Islands and the Spratly Islands. The Philippines claims ownership of the Spratly Peninsula and the coastal region of Scarborough Shawwal. Brunei and Malaysia, on the other hand, claim sovereignty over the southern part of the sea and some of the islands of the Spratlys. Over the past few years, these claimants have gained control over various areas of ocean features, including cliffs, islands, and low-altitude areas and coastal strips.
The basis of China’s claims is “Nine.” Dashline, a geographical marker on which China asserts its claim. Following Japan’s defeat at the end of World War II, the Republic of China claimed the surrender of the Parcels, Pratas, and the Spratly Islands in favor of China after the Japanese surrendered based on the declarations of Cairo and Potsdam. “Nine. The Dashline was originally an 11-dash line that was first shown on a map in December 1947 by the then government of the Republic of China to justify its claims in the South China Sea. The line reaches the waters near Indonesia and Malaysia, 2,000 kilometers from mainland China.
Why Is This Region Important?
The South China Sea is an important trade route, connecting Asia with Europe and Africa, while its maritime strip is rich in natural resources. One-third of global shipping, valued at more than 3 3.37 trillion, passes through the South China Sea. About 80 percent of China’s oil imports come through the Straits of Malacca in Indonesia, and then these ships use the South China Sea corridor to reach China. About 40% of the world’s liquefied natural gas trade goes through the South China Sea. More than 39.5% of China’s total trade passes through the South China Sea.
Why is China Claiming the South China Sea?
It is thought that the ocean is filled with vast reserves of natural resources, such as natural gas and oil. The US Energy Information Administration estimates that the region has at least 11 billion barrels of mineral oil and 190 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and a maximum of 22 billion barrels of mineral oil and 290 trillion cubic feet of gas. The amount may vary, with the Americans having their own estimates and the Chinese had their own. The South China Sea accounts for 10% of the world’s fishing, making it an important source of food for hundreds of millions of people. China has created more than 3,200 acres of new territory on the Spratly Islands since 2013, creating an artificial island.