What Is The Role Of The United States In China Conflict?
The United States has promised extensive security in East Asia, while several countries bordering the South China Sea, such as the Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam, and are US allies. In addition, the South China Sea is a major trade route in the global supply chain, used by US companies manufacturing goods in the region.
Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea:
Although the United States is not officially aligned with any of the claimants, Washington, in order to challenge this goal, considers the region’s claims to be superfluous. In this regard, the United States continues to conduct various operations, using the principle of “Freedom of Navigation” of the United Nations, and also allows the passage of merchant ships in the waters under its control. During the summer of 2018, British and French forces carried out similar operations in these disputed waters. Just a few days ago, in May 2020, the United States and Australia also took some action here to threaten China.
China has recently eased tensions between both the Philippines and Vietnam, even increasing its military activities in the South China Sea in March and April 2018, continuing naval weapons and exercises. Meanwhile, China continues to build military and industrial outposts on the artificial island built in disputed waters. The United States has also stepped up its military operations and naval presence in recent years, based on the principle of freedom of navigation operations. President Donald J. Trump has stressed the importance of such actions, and ensuring free and open access to the South China Sea. From May 2017 to April 2020, the United States has conducted six different operations in the region under the guise of Freedom of Navigation.
How US , China tensions Could GET a Lot Worse:
In the midst of a global coronavirus epidemic, China is constantly expanding its presence in the South China Sea. This time his focus is between Vietnam and the Philippines, the two disputed peninsulas of the Spratly Islands, and the Parcel Islands in the middle of the South China Sea. Just a few days ago, Beijing unilaterally changed the names of 80 islands and other geographical features in the area to Chinese names, leading to criticism from neighboring countries, which also claimed the area. Is. Earlier, in 1983, China had 287 Chinese names of its own geographical features.
How Did The Situation Arise?
China has repeatedly criticized the United States for its “provocative” actions. However, in recent years it has begun to vigorously defend its claims. That same year, Beijing launched ground reclamation operations based on some of the features it has acquired on the island of Spratly, which has increased the man-made surface area, and consequently military installations on them. Have been built.
According to analysts interested in the region, China has succeeded in gradually changing the realities on the ground, without provoking a major confrontation with other claimants or the United States. China has set up a new city on Woody Island Sunshine, one of the other islands.
Clash Of Civilizations:
The United States and China represent two different civilizations. The struggle between the United States and China for control of the South China Sea is a profound sign of the “clash of civilizations.” According to Samuel P. Huntington, the ideologue of the clash of civilizations, the human conflict has become a new stage in the traditionally prominent, abusive and exploitative culture, and increasingly prominent in shaping the international order of the non-Western world. Have become players. Chinese-led Confucian culture is prominent among them. The current rivalry between China and the West, possibly led by the United States, is being played in the South China Sea.