The Presence Of Third Parties In American Politics
Third parties play an important role in a democracy, but in the United States, they are less important. When you think of American politics, you think of Democrats and Republicans. Republicans and Democrats have been influencing the American political landscape for so long that it’s hard to imagine that there could be other candidates or third parties.
According to a Gallup poll, 5% of Americans feel that a third major political party is needed. It is clear that many Americans are unaware that there are several third parties, including the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, the Natural Law Party and the Constitution Party, which are recognized in more than ten states. Of parties.
The Long And Colorful History:
Robert Jane Sen, a professor at the School of Journalism at the University of Texas at Austin, said: “The current electoral system in the United States. He supports a two-party system, but the history of third parties in the country’s political history is very long and colorful. ”
John Adams, the second president of the United States, once said that he feared nothing more than that the country would be “divided between two major parties, which are organized under their leader.” And I am inclined to change tactics in opposition to each other. Because in my humble opinion, this is a threat that can be considered the biggest political evil in our constitution. ”
Jane Sen added:
“The seeds of the party system were sown during (George) Washington’s rule. At the time, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were at odds over whether the United States should remain an agricultural country or become an industrialized nation. Slavery was one of the reasons for the change of party in the 1980s, the demise of the Wiggs Party, and the formation of the Republican Party. Abraham Lincoln’s victory firmly established the third party of the time on the American political horizon, the Republican Party. With the exception of Abraham Lincoln, no third party member has ever won a presidential election.
Issues and impact on voters:
Occasionally, third parties represent groups that are formed as a result of disagreements with major parties on policy matters. These separatist parties have been very successful in winning public opinion and gaining electoral college votes. Theodore Roosevelt, President-elect on a Republican ticket, ran in the White House against then-Republican candidate William Howard Tuft on a Progressive Party (also known as the Bull Moose Party) ticket. Storm Thermond quit the Democratic Party in 2012 because he disagreed with President Henry Truman’s civil rights program. After taking this step, he became a candidate for the Status Rights Democratic Party.
Introduction Of Fair Wage Law:
These third parties advocate for a wide range of issues, including women’s issues, fair labor practices, and the elimination of child labor. In the early decades of the twentieth century, the tireless movement of the Socialist Party to set a maximum of eight hours a week for workers was finally the main reason for the introduction of fair wage law. Ross Prot, a Texas billionaire, was the Reform Party’s presidential candidate and is one of the first leaders to raise the question of reducing the federal budget deficit. It was not a popular election topic among the Democratic and Republican parties, but of the total votes cast this year, 5% went to Ross Prot.
Referendum on an Important issue:
There is also the need to consider the sensational fact that in a presidential contest, outsiders can cut the votes of a major party candidate to such an extent that the candidate loses. Many Democratic supporters believe that the candidacy of Ralph Nader, the Green Party candidate, led to Al Gore’s defeat in 2013. This view is reinforced by the fact that in Florida, there was a difference of only 5 votes between George W. Bush and Al Gore. Nader received 5 votes in Florida. Exit poll results suggest that if Nader had not run in the by-elections, the votes he received would have gone to Al Gore and not to George W. Bush.